This page shows the two most popular methods of dating the Daniel 9 prophecy. The first uses standard years as we know them and Ezra 7. The second method uses a lunar calendar (5 days per year shorter) and Nehemiah 2 (a later proclamation). The two methods give different years but fall in the same general time period. Both methods seem to work for all the historical dates except the census of Quirinius, which doesn’t seem to work with the 2nd method so I favor the 1st method. The 1st method also places the death of Jesus in 30 AD which matches the destruction of Jerusalem exactly 40 years later to the day which also seems significant.


However using the 2nd method, Friday April 3, 33 AD has been a popular date for a long time. Dionysius Exiguus (6th-century monk) picked it because the Passover was on Friday that year. But I believe April 7, 30 (the date using the first method) is also a Friday Passover.


So here are the two methods side by side.


Decree to rebuild the temple 1st Method

458 B.C.


444 B.C.

458 BC. Ezra 7:11-26, fifth month of the seventh year of the king. Artaxerxes gave Ezra permission to rebuild Jerusalem.
444 BC, Nehemiah 2:1-8, In the month of Nisan in the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes.
Years from decree to the Messiah’s coming 483 476 483 years. This is regular years. 62 sevens and 7 sevens is 69 sevens. 69 times 7 is 483.
476 years. This uses a prophetic year of 360 days. So you take 483, multiply by 360 to get the days it would be by a prophetic calendar. Then to get it back to regular years you divide by 365.25.
483*360/365.25=476 years.
Jesus’ Birth 5 B.C. 1 B.C. Had to be before Herod’s death in 4 B.C., meaning only 1st method would work. However it might have been 1 B.C. The date of 4 B.C. is becoming less sure. If Harod’s deather was in 1 B.C. either method will fit for this event.
1st census of Quirinius. 6-4 B.C. Doesn’t seem to work Quirinius was possibly in office for two terms, first 6-4 B.C. and then A.D. 6-9. A census is associated with each term. Jesus’ birth is with the first; Ac 5:37 refers to the second.

AIG website: The excavators Granfell and Hunt reported that their evidence showed that this was the first census (poll tax—enrollment) that took place in the time of Quirinius. (Another inscription has shown that Quirinius was in Syria twice—first as a military leader at a time of civil unrest, and later as Governor of Syria.) The census was probably delayed in Palestine because of that civil unrest.

Pilate becomes Procurator in Judea After

26 AD

After 26 AD Pilate was not appointed Procurator in Judea till 26 AD and we know that according to the scripture he was already appointed when Jesus started his ministry
Jesus starts his ministry Day of Atonement 26 AD (483 years later) 29 AD John the Baptist starts in 26 or 29 AD, the 15th year of Tiberius (Luke 3). First date is taken from when Tiberius became co-regent in 11AD. Then he started to actually reign 18 Sept 14 AD. Day of Atonement was in the Fall.
Lk 3:23 Now Jesus himself was ABOUT thirty years old when he began his ministry (30 exactly if born in 5 BC and started in 26 AD)
Jesus debates with Pharisees 27-29 27-29 27-29 (unsure) Jesus debate with Pharisees: “This temple has been under construction for forty-six years” Josephus (Ant 15.11.1) states that the temple’s reconstruction was started by Herod in the 18th year of his reign
Crucifixion April 7, 30 April 3, 33 (476 years later)  Passover was on Friday April 7, 30 AD and April 3, 33 AD. Passover was 6 months after Day of Atonement so Jesus’ death would be 3 1/2 years after the start of His ministry.
Judged by Pontius Pilate 26-36 26-36 Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea from 26 AD until he was replaced by Marcellus, either in 36 AD or 37 AD. So Jesus’ crucifixion had to be between these dates. Both methods fit.
Judged by Herod Antipas before 39 before 39 Herod Antipas, a son of Herod the Great, was born before 20 BC and was exiled in the summer of 39 AD following a lengthy intrigue involving Caligula and Agrippa I. Jesus had to be crucified before this date.
 Other dates:
Trial of Paul 51-52 51-52 trial before Junius Gallio in Achaea Greece (Acts 18:12-17) around 51-52 AD
Fall of Jerusalem 70 Ezekiel 4:1-7. Ezekiel is to lie down for each day of Judah’s sin, which has been interpreted as the 40 years of rejection of their Messiah. The Romans, according to Josephus, began their siege on Passover 70 AD, exactly 40 years to the day after the crucifixion of Christ:

Wars of the Jews, Flavius Josephus, Book V, Chapter 13, Verse 7.