Day of Jesus prophesied 600 years beforehand?

 

Prophesies are meant to be somewhat hidden, especially to the general non-seeking public. But when the event happens it becomes clear. We can look back and see that Daniel 9 predicted the very year of Jesus’ arrival 600 years before it happened. Daniel 9:1 tells us it was written in the first year of Xerxes which was 539-538 B.C. Critics try to say Daniel was written much later to avoid explaining its exact prophesies. However they have to admit it was written by 153 B.C. at the very latest because it was part of the Greek translation of the Old Testament (Septuagint). So at the very minimum, Daniel predicted the year of the Lord 180 years before it happened, which still isn’t bad.

 

 

 

“Know and understand this: From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes, there will be seven ‘sevens,’ and sixty-two ‘sevens.’ It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench, but in times of trouble. Daniel 9:25

 

 

 

 The prophesy says that the messiah would come after 7 sevens and 62 sevens from when there was a decree to rebuild Jerusalem. The “sevens” are periods of 7 years. So 62×7+7×7=483 years. In Ezra 7:11-26 Artaxerxes gives Ezra permission to rebuild Jerusalem in the fifth month of the seventh year of the king. Secular historians agree Artaxerxes ruled from 465-424 B.C. so the 7th year of his reign was 458 B.C. (465 B.C. – 7 years = 458 B.C.).

 

 

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artaxerxes_I_of_Persia   

 

 

 

Ezra arrived in Jerusalem in the fifth month of the seventh year of the king. …11 This is a copy of the letter King Artaxerxes had given to Ezra the priest… 13 Now I decree that any of the Israelites in my kingdom, including priests and Levites, who volunteer to go to Jerusalem with you, may go. … 18 You and your fellow Israelites may then do whatever seems best with the rest of the silver and gold, in accordance with the will of your God. Ezra 7:8, 11, 18

 

 

 

26 A.D. is 483 years after 458 B.C. (remember to add 1 to the count since there is no year 0 A.D.). We’re not sure what this refers to though. His death or the start of his ministry are the most likely. It appears to coincide with the day Jesus publically started his ministry because it fits into the chronology of all the events best (see chart below). It may have been on the Day of Atonement, or Yom Kippur, the highest Holy Day, because this day is 6 months before Passover. That way he had 3 -1/2 years of ministry before His death on the Passover in the Spring of 30 A.D. This is when he was “cut off” in the middle of his 7 years as Daniel 9 predicted.

 

 

 

After the sixty-two ‘sevens,’ the Anointed One will be cut off and will have nothing. The people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. Daniel 9:26a

 

 

 

It also interesting that the destruction of Jerusalem was exactly to the day 40 years later, which could be related to Ezekiel 4:6. Or it could be one generation. Either way, Josephus (who was not a Christian so he’s not biased) recorded that Titus began the attack on Jerusalem on Passover in 70 A.D., exactly 40 years to the day after Jesus died. Interesting coincidence which must tie in somehow. This also tells us that the coming Antichrist (“the ruler who will come’) will be from the Roman empire because it was that empire that destroyed Jerusalem.

 

 

 

The end will come like a flood: War will continue until the end, and desolations have been decreed. 27 He will confirm a covenant with many for one ‘seven.’ In the middle of the ‘seven’ he will put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on a wing of the temple he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him. Daniel 9:26b-27

 

 

 

Jesus may come back to finish his week (3-1/2 additional years) on a future Day of Atonement (see Isaiah 34:6-7; Ezekiel 39:17-19, Rev 19:11-21). You’ll notice that a lot of events in Revelation are all 3-1/2 years. The Antichrist seems to have 3-1/2 years to deceive the nations and bring havoc on the earth, especially the Christians. He signs a 7 years peace accord and then he sets up an abomination in the Temple half way into this. This appears to be when Jesus comes back to bring wrath upon the Antichrist and all who follow his terrible ways (the wrath is well deserved-we’ll probably understand it better at that time just how well deserved it is).

 

 

 

“Seventy ‘sevens’ are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy. Daniel 9:24

 

Then after this remaining 3-1/2 years, the complete “Seventy-Sevens” will be finished as mentioned in the beginning of the passage. This may be when the millennial (1,000 year) reign of Christ starts. This will wrap up a nice 7,000 year life of the earth for God to find people willing to obey Him and live forever with Him. Biblical events are not always exactly lined up with the millennial turn of the calendar (though they’re close), and we don’t know which point will line up (2,000 years after his death or +/- 3.5 years) so His return could be anytime. The Day of Atonement 2033 A.D. would make a perfect 7,000 year wrap-up, counting 2,003.5 years after Jesus’ death.

 

 

 

Here is a chart showing all the New Testament events and how they fit into secular recorded events. The scenario that I’ve picked lines up with all of them. There is another theory that uses a lunar calendar of 30 days and uses another king’s decree to finish the rebuilding of Jerusalem. Both theories actually work to the general time period but that one doesn’t fit with the first census of Quirinius. Also the event it uses to start the clock, Artaxerxes to Nehemiah to rebuild the walls Neh 2:1-8, is not a decree to rebuild the city but just the walls. And even then it’s not a decree to rebuild them but just permission for him to return to Jerusalem. Then he rebuilds them when he gets there. Here’s a link below that discusses the lunar calendar briefly. You basically just take a strict 360 day year and multiply by 483 years. That gives you a certain number of days, then you divide by 365.25 to get it back to our years. But I don’t think you can do this because even when using a lunar calendar you need adjustments to get it back on track with the solar calendar so the seasons will be right. Otherwise your summer will be in the winter months. So the years still turn out to be solar years eventually. For short term calculations (up to say 50 years or so) you can use the lunar calendar but with longer calculations the difference starts to be significant. 

 

http://evidenceforchristianity.org/is-daniel-924-27-a-credible-messianic-prophecy-what-is-the-decree-of-dan-925-is-it-neh-21-or-ezra-713/

 

 

 

 

 

Decree to rebuild Jerusalem

458

Artaxerxes gave Ezra permission to rebuild Jerusalem in Ezra 7:11-26, during the fifth month of the seventh year of the king. Secular historians agree Artaxerxes ruled from 465-424 BC so the 7th year of his reign was 458.

 

 

 

Years before the Messiah comes

483

483 years. 62 sevens and 7 sevens is 69 sevens. 69 times 7 is 483.

 

 

 

Birth

5 BC

Before 4BC, Herod’s death

1st census of Quirinius.

6-4 BC

Quirinius was possibly in office for two terms, first 6-4 B.C. and then A.D. 6-9. A census is associated with each term. This is the first; Ac 5:37 refers to the second.

AIG website: The excavators Granfell and Hunt reported that their evidence showed that this was the first census (poll tax—enrollment) that took place in the time of Quirinius. (Another inscription has shown that Quirinius was in Syria twice—first as a military leader at a time of civil unrest, and later as Governor of Syria.) The census was probably delayed in Palestine because of that civil unrest.

https://answersingenesis.org/archaeology/does-archaeology-support-the-bible/

Pilat becomes Procurator in Judea

After 26 AD

Pilate was not appointed Procurator in Judea till 26 AD and we know that according to the scripture he was already appointed when Jesus started his ministry

Jesus starts his ministry

Day of Atonement. Fall of 26 AD (483 years later)

John the Baptist starts in 26 or 29, 15 year of Tiberius (Luke 3). First date is taken from when Tiberius became co-regent in 11AD. Then he started to actually reign 18 Sept 14AD.
Day of Atonement was in the Fall.
Lk 3:23 Now Jesus himself was about thirty years old when he began his ministry (30 if born in 5 BC and started in 26 AD)

Jesus debates with Pharisees

27-29

27-29 (unsure) Jesus debate with pharisees: “This temple has been under construction for forty-six years” Josephus (Ant 15.11.1) states that the temple’s reconstruction was started by Herod in the 18th year of his reign

Crucifiction

April 7, 30 (3.5 years later)

Passover was on Friday April 7, 30 AD . Passover was 6 months after Day of Atonement so Jesus’ death would be 3 1/2 years later.

Judged by Pontius Pilate

Before 36

Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea from 26 AD until he was replaced by Marcellus, either in 36 AD or 37 AD

 

 

 

Judged by Herod Antipas

before 39

Herod Antipas, a son of Herod the Great, was born before 20 BC and was exiled in the summer of 39 AD following a lengthy intrigue involving Caligula and Agrippa I

 

 

 

Trial of Paul

51-52

trial before Junius Gallio in Achaea Greece (Acts 18:12-17) around 51-52 AD

Fall of Jerusalem (40 years after death of Jesus if had died in 30 AD)

70

Ezekiel 4:1-7. Exekiel is to lie down for each day of Judah’s sin, which has been interpreted as the 40 years of rejection of their Messiah. The Romans, according to Josephus, began their siege on Passover 70 AD, exactly 40 years to the day after the crucifixion of Christ:

Wars of the Jews, Flavius Josephus, Book V, Chapter 13, Verse 7. “And, indeed, why do I relate these particular calamities? while Manneus, the son of Lazarus, came running to Titus at this very time, and told him that there had been carried out through that one gate, which was entrusted to his care, no fewer than a hundred and fifteen thousand eight hundred and eighty dead bodies, in the interval between the fourteenth day of the month Xanthieus, [Nisan,] when the Romans pitched their camp by the city, and the first day of the month Panemus [Tamuz]”